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TERMINOLOGY

For your reference, the following is a list of the disorders that we typically diagnose and treat.

Acoustic neuroma:

Non-cancerous tumor of a nerve in the ear canal. Acoustic neuroma may cause hearing loss and balance problems.

Allergies:

Abnormal or hypersensitive reaction to a substance; may lead to infections in the ear, sinuses, or nasal passages, or to irritations of the throat.

Deviated septum: Irregularity in the membrane that divides the nose into two sides. A deviated septum may cause snoring.
Epistaxis (nose bleeds): May be caused by sinusitis or other infections of the nose.
Laryngitis (hoarseness): Inflammation of the voice box. Laryngitis can be caused by overuse of the voice or by the common cold.
Headaches: Pains in various parts of the head. Headaches may be symptoms of disease in the ear, nose, throat, or sinuses.
Hearing loss: Decreased level of hearing due to structural or nerve damage to the ears. Hearing loss may be improved by cleaning wax from the ears or through use of a hearing aid.
Meniere’s disease:

Disorder of the inner ear characterized by severe dizziness, tinnitus (see below), and hearing loss.

Otitis media:

Infection of the middle ear (area between the eardrum and eustachian tube).

Polyps:

Tumor-like masses which can develop from swollen nasal and sinus linings. Polyps may block sinus openings and cause bony erosion.

Salivary glands:

When working properly, secrete saliva to moisten mucous membranes in the mouth. This helps the taste buds taste and aids digestion.

Sinusitis:

Inflammation or infection of one or more of the paranasal sinuses (four pairs of air pockets in the head); can prevent drainage of mucus.

Snoring:

Loud sounds made in the throat during sleep, especially when the sleeper is on his or her back.

Sleep apnea:

Temporary cessation of breathing during sleep; results from blockage of upper air passages in the throat. Symptoms of sleep apnea include loud snoring and lethargy.

Swimmer’s ear:

Fungal infection of the outer ear; made worse by dampness in the area.

Throat cancers:

Can be located in the tonsil, base of the tongue, larynx, or hypopharynx. Throat cancers may cause earaches; they are particularly common in people who smoke or drink.

Tinnitus:

Sensation of noises in the head or ears. Tinnitus may be caused by bacterial infection in the ear.

Tonsillitis:

Inflammation or infection of the tonsils. Tonsillitis, if untreated, may lead to middle-ear and sinus infections.

Vestibular disorders: Problems in the vestibular system which includes the semicircular canals of the inner ear, nerves leading to the brain, and the brain’s balance control center.
Wax impaction (cerumen ear): Waxy ear secretions that become hardened and entrapped in the ear canal; can cause pain and decrease hearing.
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